LindaR

*Independent Fundamental Baptist
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About LindaR

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  • Birthday 05/03/1943

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  1. I clicked on the link "Will Calvary Chapel Lock Arms With a Dominionist Agenda?" and came up with a 404 Error on the Lighthouse Trails Research blog page. I believe it is a dead link. However I did find this link (posted August 14, 2011) called "Will the Evangelical Church Sell Out the Gospel for a Political Agenda?"
  2. Why are Christians voting for Donald Trump?

    This is also interesting from the Lighthouse Trails Research blog: Will Christians Replace Commitment to the Gospel for Commitment to a Unified Dominionist Agenda to "Save The Country"?
  3. Why are Christians voting for Donald Trump?

    Ted Cruz is a Dominionist. He is being endorsed by NAR/Dominionist Mike Bickle (International House of Prayer-IHOP) and Mormon Glenn Beck. 7 Mountain Politics and Theology
  4. Believers and the Law

    I would think that the Adamic covenant would involve blood. After the fall (after Adam ate of the forbidden fruit), didn't God provide a "covering" for Adam and Eve's nakedness? An animal (which might have been a lamb/sheep) had to be killed to provide that "covering"? Adam and Eve tried to cover their "nakedness" with fig leaves (works), but God provided His covering (coats of skins): Genesis 3:7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. Genesis 3:21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them.
  5. Believers and the Law

    This is an excellent Bible study on the Eight Covenants of the Bible by Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, who is a Jewish believer in Jesus Christ. The Eight Covenants of the Bible by Dr. Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum http://www.messianicassociation.org/ezine17-af.covenants.htm (Part 1): The Edenic, Adamic, Noahic, and Abrahamic Covenants http://www.messianicassociation.org/ezine18-af.covenants.htm (Part 2): The Mosaic Covenant http://www.messianicassociation.org/ezine19-af.covenants.htm (Part 3): The Land (Palestinian), Davidic, and New Covenants Here’s the Conclusion of all three parts: CONCLUSION All spiritual blessings are for believers in the Messiah, whether they are Jews or Gentiles. And through His death on the cross for their sins, believers reap spiritual benefits that would never be theirs otherwise. The eight covenants of the Bible are very explicit in their provisions and are valuable for a proper understanding of Scripture. *********************************** I need to add a short disclaimer to Part 1 concerning Dr. Fruchtenbaum's teaching on the Edenic and Adamic Covenant. I do not agree with him concerning his use of Ezekiel 28:11-19 and the fall of Satan. Also, I do not agree with his teaching on Genesis 3:15 where he says: “The prophecy of Genesis 3:15 led to the events of Genesis 6:1-4 when Satan tried to corrupt the seed of the woman and will lead to the future supernatural conception of the Antichrist.”
  6. Easter is the Correct word in Acts 12:4

    I received this in my email from Jewish Awareness Ministries. It was in response to my question about the origin of word Easter. The De-Judification of Pascha in the Early Church (Author Unknown) At least as late as the fourth century A.D., the holiday known as Easter was called Pascha. That Greek name came from the Hebrew Pesach ("Passover" in English). Easter, however, appears to be derived from Eastre, the name or festival of the Teutonic goddess of spring, to whom sacrifices were offered in the month of April. The word is Germanic, not Greek or Hebrew. We can surmise that when Christianity began to make inroads among the Teutonic (Germanic) tribes, the name Easter was transferred to the Christian celebration, inasmuch as both occurred at the same time of year.1 'The earliest observances of Pascha took place at the same time as Passover, on the 14th day of the Jewish month Nisan. This celebration is referred to as the "Quartodeciman Passover" from the Latin word for "fourteenth." Moves toward changing the date of Pascha began early in the second century. The motivation behind this change was fear of the authorities coupled with anti-Jewish sentiment. The actual course of events appears to have been as follows.2 Bishop Sixtus of Rome, who presided from A.D. 116-126, may have been the first to observe a Sunday date rather than the 14th of Nisan. Three reasons support this idea. 1. According to the church historian Eusebius, a later Roman bishop named Victor sought to impose a Sunday observance on the entire Church and to break ties with those Christians who observed the 14th of Nisan. He was opposed by Irenaeus, who discouraged such a break and argued that peace should be kept among Christians who celebrated the day on different dates. He contended that even earlier church leaders who did not observe the Quartodeciman date were at peace with those who did. In mentioning the names of one church leader after another, Irenaeus used reverse chronological order, stopping at Bishop Sixtus. This seems to imply that the practice first began with Sixtus. 2. The rule of Bishop Sixtus coincided with the measures of the Roman Emperor Hadrian that were aimed at repressing anything Jewish. (Hadrian's reign was A.D. 117-138.) It would have made sense if the church had been pressured at that time not to observe the 14th of Nisan. Any anti-Jewish feeling would certainly have, been catalyzed by Hadrian's prohibition of Jewish customs and festivals. This culminated in the expulsion of the Jews, including the Jewish Christian church leaders, from Jerusalem, circa A.D. 135. (After that, the Jerusalem Church was composed of Gentiles.). 3. According to the fourth century Bishop Epiphanius, the Sunday observance of Pascha was first introduced in Jerusalem after A.D. 135 when the Jews were forced out of Jerusalem by Hadrian. If the new Sunday observance began with Sixtus in his tenure of A.D. 116-126, this would have allowed time for the practice to have spread to Jerusalem by A.D. 135. The next significant step on record comes from the late second century, the time of Bishop Victor of Rome. As already mentioned, Victor attempted to make the Sunday observance of Pascha uniform. A primary motivating factor for Victor would have been the presence in Rome of many Christians from Asia Minor who observed the Quartodeciman Passover. Their presence alongside the Roman believers would have meant that Christians were observing two different dates for the same occasion. Perhaps Victor's only motive was his desire to ensure uniformity of worship within the Church. In any case, by the middle of the third century, blatant anti-Semitic statements are found in various Christian sources. In a work called De pascha computus, the author, known as Pseudo-Cyprian, wrote contemptuously of following the Jewish practice, expressing the desire for Christians not to "walk in blindness and stupidity behind the Jews as though they did not know what was the day of Passover."3 Finally, in the fourth century; Pascha became decisively separated from Passover and restricted to a Sunday observance. Not only individuals but church councils contributed to the change of date. In 314, the Council of Arles recommended a single date for the uniform observance of Pascha, but it was the Council of Nicaea in 325 that was the watershed that solidified this motion. The date of Pascha was fixed as the Sunday following the full moon that falls on or after the vernal equinox.4 The edict of the Council of Nicaea proclaimed: "All the brethren in the East who formerly celebrated Easter with the Jews, will henceforth keep it at the same time as the Romans, with us and with all those who from ancient times have celebrated the feast at the same time with us."5 Ultimate official support came from Emperor Constantine, whose conciliar letter to all bishops of the same time period announced it "unworthy" to celebrate Pascha on Passover.6 Nevertheless, complications arose because some churches followed the Jewish or lunar calendar. Full uniformity in calculating the date was not secured until as late as the eighth century.7 The Eastern Orthodox Church still calculates Easter differently than the Western churches by as much as five weeks.8 1. See J. D. Douglas, Walter A. Elwell and Peter Toon, eds., The Concise Dictionary of Christian Tradition: Worship, Liturgy, and History (London: Marshall Pickering, 1989), "Easter"; John C. . McCollister, The Christian Book of Why (Middle Village, NY: Jonathan David, 1983), pp. 230-231; International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, see "Easter." 2. As described by Samuele Bacchiocchi, From Sabbath to Sunday: A Historical Investigation of the Rise of Sunday Observance in Early Christianity (Rome: Pontifical Gregorian University Press, 1977), pp. 159-163, 199-206. See also 1. Jeremias, "pa,sca [Pascha]," Theological Dictionary of the New Testament V:901-903; Jean Danielou, The Theology of Jewish Christianity (London: Darton, Longman & Todd; Philadelphia: The Westminster Press, 1964), pp. 343-344; Kenneth Scott Latourette, A History of Christianity, Vol. I: Beginnings to 1500 (New York: Harper & Row, 1975, 1953), p. 137. 3. Bacchiocchi, p. 206 n. 115. 4. On this point see The New International Dictionary of the Christian Church, rev. ed., (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1978), "Easter," "Paschal Controversies," "Quartodecimanism." 5. The word Easter appears in the English translation of this text but actually was not a term in use at this point in time. The holiday was still called Pascha. Quotation is from Bacchiocchi, p. 203 n. 104. 6. Ibid., p. 206. 7. The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series. Volume XIV, The Seven Ecumenical Councils (Eerdmans, 1991 [reprint]), pp. 55-56. 8. See the articles referred to in note 4.
  7. Three Days and Three Nights

    My understanding is that the entire Bible (all 66 books) was penned by Jewish "holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost." (2 Peter 1:21b). So don't knock "Jewish understanding" when it comes to understanding "what the Bible says". Romans 3:1 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision? Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.
  8. Three Days and Three Nights

    Bro. Dan... Check your Private Messages. I'm going to send you something else from Jewish Awareness Ministries. Three days and three nights will always be difficult to figure out in "Western" thinking and terminology.
  9. Three Days and Three Nights

    Brother Markle, I have been corresponding via email with a Jewish brother in Christ , Mark Robinson, executive director of Jewish Awareness Ministries concerning the three days and three nights, and the "high" day in John 19:31. Here is his response to my question concerning the Sabbath and the Sabbath being called a "high day" in John 19:31: Hi Linda, Sabbath is always Saturday. The “high” or “floating” sabbath crowd is wrong. Judaism only recognizes one sabbath day – Saturday. Here is additional info on the “High” or “”Great” Sabbath. (The Great Sabbath) commemorates the 10th day of Nissan, when the Hebrew slaves took the lambs that they were going to offer for Pesach and tied them up outside their homes, to keep until they offered it on the 14th (Ex. 12:3-6). According to tradition, this was a dangerous thing to do, because Egyptians worshipped sheep, but miraculously, instead of slaughtering the Hebrews, the Egyptians instead fought with each other over whether the Hebrews should be sent away already.Shabbat Ha-Gadol is the Shabbat before Pesach (Passover). Traditionally, this was one of the few times of the year that a rabbi gave a lengthy sermon (in modern times, we get one every week). The sermon was usually about preparations for Pesach, and this special Shabbat commemorates a preparation for the original Pesach in Egypt. Shabbat Ha-Gadol“ The special haftarah reading for this Shabbat is Malachi 3:4-24. This messianic prophecy regarding the end of days and the return of the prophet Elijah is read at this time because it is believed that Elijah will return at Pesach. This is why we include a cup for him in our seder rituals.” Judaism 101, http://www.jewfaq.org/special.htm#HaGadol There is never 2 sabbath days in a row. Sabbath is ALWAYS Saturday. There are a number of “special” Sabbaths but they are always on Saturdays – see http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Shabbat/Special/special.html Mark Robinson Jewish Awareness Ministries *********************************************** Shabbat HaGadol means "Great Sabbath" Haftarah is a reading from the Prophets along with the weekly Torah portion (read in the synagogue on the Sabbath) The book of Malachi in the Jewish Scriptures does not have 4 chapters as the does the book of Malachi in our KJV.....it only has 3 (chapters 3 & 4 are combined to 24 verses (18 verses in chapter 3, and 6 verses in chapter 4) If anyone is interested in learning more about Jewish Awareness Ministries here is the link to their website: Jewish Awareness Ministries
  10. Three Days and Three Nights

    Invicta..... Daniel's 70th week is not a literal 7 day week. The 70 weeks are "weeks of years" in Daniel 9:24-27. You are allegorizing this passage of prophecy all out of context. Excerpt from the Way of Life Encyclopedia: DANIEL – David W. Cloud Daniel 9:24-27. God's timetable for restoring Israel and overthrowing the Gentile powers. The Seventy Weeks. The occasion of the 70 weeks was Daniel's prayer that God would have mercy on Israel. The vision of the 70 weeks is God's answer. In this vision God reveals to Daniel the time schedule and major events which will lead to the establishment of Israel's Messianic kingdom. The Length of Time of the 70 Weeks. The Hebrew term for weeks here (shebuah) simply means "sevens." The context must determine whether it is a week of days, or of years, etc. (1) The weeks which have already been fulfilled demonstrate these are weeks of years rather than of days. It was almost 500 years from the rebuilding of the temple and of Jerusalem until the coming of Christ. This fits perfectly the testimony of Daniel 9:25, which places 69 weeks of years (483 years) between the two events. It is only reasonable to believe that the 70th week shall also be a week of years, or a seven year period. (2) When this Hebrew term is used of weeks of days, the word "days" is added (Daniel 10:2-3). (3) The concept of weeks of years was familiar to Jewish thinking (Leviticus 25:3-9). (4) At the time of the vision, Daniel had been thinking in terms of weeks of years (Daniel 9:2 compared with 2 Chronicles 36:21). The Divisions of the 70 Weeks. The 70 weeks are divided into distinct groups. (1) During the first 7 weeks (49 years) Jerusalem was rebuilt in troublous times (compare Nehemiah). (2) The next 62 weeks (434 years) extends from the rebuilding of Jerusalem until the coming of the Messiah. (3) Between the 69th and 70th week is a period of undetermined time during which the Messiah is cut off (compare Matthew. 27), Jerusalem is destroyed by Roman armies (A.D. 70), and there are desolations until the end. The Hebrew word translated "desolation" is also translated "destruction (Hosea. 2:12). It refers to the fact that Jerusalem has been destroyed and overrun time and again throughout the interim period between the 69th and 70th weeks. Unforeseen by Daniel is the interlude of the church age, during which time the Messiah is resurrected and ascends back to Heaven to oversee the calling out of a people for His name from among the nations (Luke 19:11-27; Acts 15:14-18). (4) The 70th week (the final seven years). The prince of the revived Roman Empire will make a covenant with Israel. That the Antichrist arises from the revived Roman Empire is evident by the fact that he is called the prince of the people who destroyed Jerusalem after Messiah's death; this was Rome. In the middle of the seven years the Antichrist will desecrate the Jewish temple (compare Matthew 24:15; 2 Thess. 2:3-4). There will be desolations until Christ returns to overthrow the Antichrist (compare Matthew24:16-21; Revelation 11:2). The abomination that makes desolate marks the middle of the seven years. Compare Matthew 24:15 where Jesus places this event in the Tribulation period. This abomination of desolation probably refers to the occasion when the Antichrist will set himself up as god (2 Thess 2:4). Sorry for getting off track here......back to the topic of Three Days and Three Nights
  11. Three Days and Three Nights

    1 Corinthians 15:1 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; 1 Corinthians 15:2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain. 1 Corinthians 15:3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 1 Corinthians 15:4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: 1 Corinthians 15:5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: 1 Corinthians 15:6 After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. 1 Corinthians 15:7 After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles. 1 Corinthians 15:8 And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.
  12. Three Days and Three Nights

    The first day of the week begins at sundown Saturday evening (around 6PM)...at the END OF THE SABBATH. The Sabbath is over at sundown, not at dawn. The Sabbath begins at sundown Friday evening and ends at sundown Saturday evening. Jesus rose from the grave on the first day of the week. The Sabbath was over and done with -- all gone, bye-bye.
  13. Three Days and Three Nights

    You probably could also add John 20:1 John 20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
  14. Three Days and Three Nights

    Invicta, According to the Scriptures and the Jewish calendar, a day begins at sundown. Genesis 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day. Genesis 1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day. Genesis 1:13 And the evening and the morning were the third day. According to the Jewish calendar, the Sabbath begins at sundown on Friday evening and ends at sundown Saturday evening "in the end of the sabbath" is sundown on the 7th day (Saturday) and the beginning of the first day (which is our Sunday) of the week. The "end of the sabbath" also means the end of the seventh day (Saturday) according to the Jewish calendar, which is what was used in Israel in Bible times.
  15. Three Days and Three Nights

    Brother Markle, The term "holy connvocation" doesn't mean Sabbath. A "holy connvocation" is more like a time of worship. Leviticus 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. Leviticus 23:7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. holy ( קֹדֶשׁ qodesh ko'-desh ) from 6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstract, sanctity:—consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, thing), saint, sanctuary. connvocation ( מִקְרָא miqra' mik-raw' ) from 7121; something called out, i.e. a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the place); also a rehearsal:—assembly, calling, convocation, reading. servile ( עֲבֹדָה `abodah ab-o-daw' ) or mabowdah (ab-o-daw'); from 5647; work of any kind:—act, bondage, + bondservant, effect, labour, ministering(-try), office, service(-ile, -itude), tillage, use, work, X wrought. work ( מְלָאכָה m@la'kah mel-aw-kaw')from the same as 4397; properly, deputyship, i.e. ministry; generally, employment (never servile) or work (abstractly or concretely); also property (as the result of labor):—business, + cattle, + industrious, occupation, (+ -pied), + officer, thing (made), use, (manner of) work((-man), -manship). Yes, the day of preparation was the same day (15th day of the first month, which is Nisan) It was also the day before the weekly Sabbath. That particular weekly Sabbath was also a "high" day because it fell during the Passover week. John 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. Jesus arose from the grave on the Feast of First Fruits, the third day of the Passover week, which was the first day of the regular week (our Sunday). He was out of the grave sometime after sundown on Saturday evening (after the weekly Sabbath) and 6AM Sunday morning, before sunrise.