Gen_9:16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth.
The “law of first mention” (which is not actually a law by the way) indicates that the first mention of something sets the primary meaning, and unless the context indicates otherwise, this primary meaning is the standard.
In Genesis 9:16 we have the first mention of an “everlasting covenant”.
I think we all understand that this particular everlasting covenant is not dependent upon this sinful and sin affected world in any way.
If it were, then we would have had at least one judgement flood since that time.
So, with the understanding that an everlasting covenant is indeed everlasting – otherwise it is not an everlasting covenant (Is that too simple a concept?), let's look at another everlasting covenant.
Gen 17:2 And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.
Gen 17:3 And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,
Gen 17:4 As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.
Gen 17:5 Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
Gen 17:6 And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee.
Gen 17:7 And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant , to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee.
Gen 17:8 And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession ; and I will be their God.
Gen 17:9 And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations.
Gen 17:10 This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised.
Gen 17:11 And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.
Gen 17:12 And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.
Gen 17:13 He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.
Gen 17:14 And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.
OK then, here we have an everlasting covenant that is given to Abram and to his children (thy seed after thee”.
The sign of this covenant on the side of the people was circumcision.
Note however that as this is an everlasting covenant to Abram and to his seed after him, that the covenant is made to this group of people – IF AN INDIVIDUAL person refuses to be circumcised, then he has no part of the covenant.
That does not break the covenant for all those people but for the individual only.
Note also that there is NO OT HER CONDITION placed upon the people subject to this covenant.
Note also that this everlasting covenant is to a specific people and for a specific LAND.
This can not be an everlasting covenant if the Lord then takes it away from this particular group of people and transfers it to any other group of people, and in any case the removal of this covenant can only be upon individuals and only if they refuse to be circumcised.
This brings up two points:
Do the Jews still circumcise
If the answer to that is “Yes”, then the covenant has not been taken from them, and still applies. It will always apply to the nation in any case, as the removal was only possible for individuals – hence it can be removed from an individual and still remain an EVERLASTING covenant.
Even with circumcision, can this covenant be transferred to another people?
The Bible does not talk about this covenant being transferable. The possibility is never even mentioned. And if it was, there is still no provision in the making of the covenant that it can be taken away from the original subjects of the covenant. This means that the covenant will and indeed must always apply to the nation as a group, as indeed is fitting for an EVERLASTING COVENA NT .
The claim that this promise was taken from them because of dis OB edience is CLEARLY UNBIBLICAL. Only one form of dis OB edience was relevant to this covenant, and that only applied on an individual level, not a national level.
The land is the physical land that they were standing on, and it was promised under an EVERLASTING COVENA NT to the actual physical seed of Abram.
To somehow make it apply in a spiritual sense to Christians today is an outrageous abuse of Scripture and an attempt to deceive by false teaching.
This should put to rest any idea that God has fully and finally forsaken His chosen nation. The concept of an Everlasting Covenant is certain an irrefutable, and it applies clearly to the Nation of Israel. To remove it from them is to break God's Promise.
I hope the information and the manner in which it is presented is acceptable. If it is to be "adjusted" in any way, I would expect to be informed as to the reasons, so that I might adjust my delivery.
If you study the work of the translators of the KJV , you will find that some of the words they chose to use were already outdated and in some cases "archaic" when they used them.
The reasoning was that those particular words were fixed in meaning as they were not commonly used.
29 Abraham saith unto him, They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.
30 And he said, Nay, father Abraham: but if one went unto them from the dead, they will repent.
31 And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead.
I don't see any reference to two witnesses in this passage.
Revelation mentions two witnesses:
Rev 11:3 And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.
I don't see any reference in Luke 16:29-31 of sackcloth, nor of them prophesying for 1260 days.
Moses and the prophets have been around a lot longer than that.
There are more questions than answers because you don't have many answers, even fewer reasonable answers, and still fewer biblical answers.